Schizotypal Personality Disorder: Definition, Symptoms, and Causes

People with Schizotypal Personality Disorder (STPD) exhibit behaviors others might find strange, eccentric, or peculiar. 

Being a personality disorder, STPD impacts a person’s behavior and thought process. The name directs to the fact that the disorder is a type of personality disorder that falls on the schizophrenia spectrum.

Read More: Avoidant Personality Disorder: Definition, Causes, and Symptoms.

The definition, symptoms, and causes of a schizotypal personality disorder are covered in more detail in this blog post.

What Is A Schizotypal Personality Disorder?

According to this classification, it impacts a person’s behavior. It causes them to think, feel, or interact with others differently than society views normally.

A, B, and C are the three broad clusters that the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) uses to classify personality disorders. 

People suffering from STPD might have excessive social anxiety and have trouble making friends. There is evidence that the prevalence of STPD can range from 0.6% to 4.6%, depending on the population.

What Symptoms Indicate A Schizotypal Personality Disorder?

Even though most people have their weirdness, these traits are more evident in those with STPD. 

Possible STPD signs and symptoms include:

  • distorted perceptions and thoughts,
  • strange or peculiar ways of expressing oneself,
  • worry and suspicion when in social situations,
  • having trouble establishing close relationships, 
  • magical thinking, such as the belief in telepathy or superstition, etc.

What Are The Causes Of Schizotypal Personality Disorder?

The development of STPD may be influenced by genetic, social, and environmental factors. However, more proper research is required to confirm this.

Having a relative with STPD, schizophrenia, or another personality disorder increases the risk of the individual developing STPD.

A person’s likelihood of developing STPD may be influenced by various factors, including genetic susceptibility and experiences like abuse, neglect, trauma, stress, and emotionally distant caregivers.

Read More: Somatic Symptom Disorder: Definition, Causes, And Symptoms.


The ability to cope with schizotypal personality disorder largely depends on positive life experiences. Even though it’s challenging, developing relationships can lessen the distress brought on by schizotypal personality disorder.

A sense of accomplishment can also lessen symptoms. Getting a job, volunteering, attending school, or participating in extracurricular activities can be beneficial.

Consult your doctor if you think you might have a schizotypal personality disorder. A medical professional may refer you to a mental health professional for assessment and treatment. Living well with schizotypal personality disorder depends on receiving the appropriate support and treatment.

Now that you know about Schizotypal Personality Disorder know more about Personality Disorder first. To learn more, click here.

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